Catfish and pig are two products that are in high demand and farming them together can help you minimize cost and maximize profit.
Integrated livestock-fish farming is a practice which links together two normally separate farming systems, whereby the livestock and fish become sub-systems of a whole farming system. Integrated farming is based on the concept that “there is no waste”, and “waste is only a misplaced resource which can become a valuable material for another product”
The raising of pigs can fruitfully be combined with fish culture by constructing animal housing units on the pond embankment or over the pond in such a way that the wastes are directly drained into the pond. The system has obvious advantages:
- The pig dung acts as excellent pond fertilizer and raises the biological productivity of the pond and consequently increases fish production.
- Some of the fishes feed directly on the pig excrete which contains 70 percent digestible food for the fish.
- No supplementary feed is required for the fish culture, which normally accounts for 60 percent of the total input cost in conventional fish culture.
- The pond dikes provide space for the erection of animal housing units.
- Pond water is used for cleaning the pigsties and for bathing the pigs.
- The system cannot be adopted in all parts of Nigeria due to religious consideration (Northern part of Nigeria) but it has special significance in certain areas as it can improve the socioeconomic status of weaker rural communities, especially the tribals who traditionally raise pigs and can take up fish-pig farming easily.
Do you know that pigs have one of the highest rates of reproduction in animals?
Pigs can birth up to 15 offspring at once and that is just one of the things that make pig farming attractive to investors. Pigs also grow very fast and pork meat is in huge demand in most countries where there is a minority of people practising religions that forbid the consumption of pork meat.
In a typical pig herd, there are the males which are known as the boar, the females known as the sows and the little pigs known as the piglets or the farrows. Pig farming is very lucrative. You could get more than 200 new piglets in a year (even with a small herd) and that’s a lot of money if you are able to grow them to the right size and sell them.
Farmers are often faced with the challenges of choosing the best animals to rear because there are just so many to choose from-goats, pigs, poultry, fishes etc. If you are faced with such a challenge, some of the reasons why you should consider choosing pig farming over others are
- Pigs have low mortality rate compared to other animals. They are more rugged and easier to raise. They can also survive days without food or water.
- Pigs are also cheaper to raise compared to fishes or poultry because they can eat most foods that humans eat and even if you have to buy feed for them, their feeds are cheaper than those of other animals. If you do not have money for fancy pig feed, you can always make do with stuff you can find around you or food wastes from your kitchen. This is totally impossible with fishes.
- Also, you wouldn’t have to worry about people stealing your pigs because most people would not touch live pigs with a 6-feet pole.
- The immune system of pigs is higher than other animals. As long as you give them the needed vaccines regularly, they would not fall sick. The same cannot be said for chickens which could be wiped out in one fell swoop by a disease outbreak.
- Pigs also generate more profit and if you ever get tired of pig farming, you could easily dive into real estate, using your pig farm as your first construction site.